The science ministry said it aims to implement the technology - about 1,000 times faster than the 4G services - within 6 years.
SEOUL - South Korea, already one of the most wired countries on earth, Wednesday announced a 1.6 trillion won (S$1.92 billion) plan to set up a next-generation 5G wireless service quick enough to download full-length films in a second.
The science ministry said it aims to implement the technology - about 1,000 times faster than the 4G services currently available - within six years.
"We helped fuel national growth with 2G services in the 1990s, 3G in the 2000s and 4G around 2010. Now it is time to take preemptive action to develop 5G," the ministry said in a statement.
"Countries in Europe, China and the US are making aggressive efforts to develop 5G technology ... and we believe there will be fierce competition in this market in a few years," it said.
Under the roadmap, a trial 5G service will be rolled out in 2017 and a fully commercial service in December 2020.
Related industries will be able to rack up sales of 5G-related devices and infrastructure equipment worth 331 trillion won from 2020 to 2026, the ministry estimated.
The government hopes to implement the plan with investment and cooperation from operators such as SK Telecom and Korea Telecom as well as handset makers like Samsung and LG.
It also aims to expand the telecom infrastructure equipment industry, which is relatively weaker than the mighty mobile device sector.
Led by Samsung - the world's top handset maker - South Korea has a leading 30-percent stake in the global mobile device market.
"But the (telecom) infrastructure equipment industry has only a 4.4 percent share in the global market, with exports very limited," the ministry said.
Chinese equipment makers including Huawei have expanded their presence in the global market from 12 percent in 2007 to 26 percent in 2012.
Seoul intends to take up to a 20 percent stake in the world's telecom infrastructure equipment market by 2020, according to the ministry.
South Korea is renowned for being at the forefront of internet technology with broadband speeds that consistently out-pace those in Europe or the United States. 5G technology will allow users to download a 800-megabyte movie file in one second, compared with 40 seconds under 4G, the science ministry said, adding that such speeds would help South Korean firms win overseas deals.
Officials said the new service would also mean people on bullet trains running faster than 500 kilometres (310 miles) an hour would even be able to access the Internet, compared with 300 kph currently.
"Bullet trains around the world keep getting faster, with some in China running as fast as 500 and 600 kilometres per hour," said one ministry official who declined to be named.
"If we have the technology to allow fast Internet access in these trains, it can open new opportunities for us globally," he said.